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Simple Windows Service Example in C# .NET

Jul 8, 2016

Here I will explain what windows service in with example, uses of windows service in and how to create simple windows service in with example.


In previous articles we explained web service in with example, wcf service tutorial with example, consume wcf service in web applications, jQuery autocomplete textbox with webservice example and many articles relating to wcf, webservices, Now i will explain about windows services in with example. First we will see what a window service is and uses of windows service and then we will see how to create windows service in

What is Windows Service?

Windows Services are applications that run in the background and perform various tasks. The applications do not have a user interface or produce any visual output. Windows Services are started automatically when computer is booted. They do not require a logged in user in order to execute and can run under the context of any user including the system. Windows Services are controlled through the Service Control Manager where they can be stopped, paused, and started as needed.

Create a Windows Service 

Creating Windows Service is very easy with visual studio just follow the below steps to create windows service
Open visual studio --> Select File --> New -->Project--> select Windows Service
And give name as WinServiceSample

After give WinServiceSample name click ok button after create our project that should like this

In Solution explorer select Service1.cs file and change Service1.cs name to ScheduledService.cs because in this project I am using this name if you want to use another name for your service you should give your required name.

After change name of service open ScheduledService.cs in design view right click and select Properties now one window will open in that change Name value to ScheduledService and change ServiceName to ScheduledService. Check below properties window that should be like this

After change Name and ServiceName properties again open ScheduledService.cs in design view and right click on it to Add Installer files to our application.

The main purpose of using Windows Installer is an installation and configuration service provided with Windows. The installer service enables customers to provide better corporate deployment and provides a standard format for component management.

After click on Add installer a designer screen added to project with 2 controls: serviceProcessInstaller1 and ServiceInstaller1

Now right click on serviceProcessInstaller1 and select properties in that change Account to LocalSystem

After set those properties now right click on ServiceInstaller1 and change following StartType property to Automatic and give proper name for DisplayName property

After completion of setting all the properties now we need to write the code to run the windows services at scheduled intervals.

If you observe our project structure that contains Program.cs file that file contains Main() method otherwise write the Main() method like this in Program.cs file

/// <summary>
/// The main entry point for the application.
/// </summary>
static void Main()
ServiceBase[] ServicesToRun;
ServicesToRun = new ServiceBase[]
new ScheduledService()
After completion of adding Main() method open ScheduledService.cs file and add following namespaces in codebehind of ScheduledService.cs file

using System.IO;
using System.Timers;
If you observe code behind file you will find two methods those are

protected override void OnStart(string[] args)

protected override void OnStop()
We will write entire code in these two methods to start and stop the windows service. Write the following code in code behind to run service in scheduled intervals
//Initialize the timer
Timer timer = new Timer();
public ScheduledService()
//This method is used to raise event during start of service
protected override void OnStart(string[] args)
//add this line to text file during start of service
TraceService("start service");

//handle Elapsed event
timer.Elapsed += new ElapsedEventHandler(OnElapsedTime);

//This statement is used to set interval to 1 minute (= 60,000 milliseconds)

timer.Interval = 60000;

//enabling the timer
timer.Enabled = true;
//This method is used to stop the service
protected override void OnStop()
timer.Enabled = false;
TraceService("stopping service");
private void OnElapsedTime(object source, ElapsedEventArgs e)
TraceService("Another entry at "+DateTime.Now);
private void TraceService(string content)

//set up a filestream
FileStream fs = new FileStream(@"d:\ScheduledService.txt",FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Write);

//set up a streamwriter for adding text
StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(fs);

//find the end of the underlying filestream
sw.BaseStream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.End);

//add the text
//add the text to the underlying filestream

//close the writer

If you observe above code in OnStart method I written event ElapsedEventHandler this event is used to run the windows service for every one minute

After completion code writing build the application and install windows service. To install windows service check this post here I explained clearly how to install windows service and how to start windows service

Now the service is installed. To start and stop the service, go to Control Panel --> Administrative Tools --> Services.  Right click the service and select Start. 

Now the service is started, and you will be able to see entries in the log file we defined in the code.

Now open the log file in your folder that Output of the file like this

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1 comments : said...

very helpful and easy way to understand.
Sir please share basic events examples.

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