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Bind Dropdownlist in Gridview in Asp.net using Dataset

Feb 17, 2015
Introduction:

Here I will explain how to bind data to dropdownlist in gridview in asp.net using dataset or populate dropdownlist in gridview in asp.net using dataset. we can bind dropdownlist in gridview using ItemTemplate field.

Description:

In previous post I explained bind data to textbox in gridview in asp.net, Get textbox value placed in gridview in asp.net, validate textbox controls in gridview in asp.net and many articles related to gridviewdropdownlist in asp.net. Now I will explain how to bind data to dropdownlist in inside of gridview in asp.net.

To implement this concept first design tables in your database as explained in this post populate dropdown based on another dropdown in asp.net . After that design your aspx page like this 


<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
<title>Asp.net Bind Data to Dropdownlist in inside of gridview</title>
</head>
<body>
<form id="form1" runat="server">
<div>
<asp:GridView ID="gvUserInfo" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="false" OnRowDataBound="gvUserInfo_RowDataBound" >
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#df5015" Font-Bold="true" ForeColor="White" />
<Columns>
<asp:BoundField DataField="CountryId" HeaderText="CountryId" />
<asp:BoundField DataField="CountryName" HeaderText="CountryName" />
<asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Location">
<ItemTemplate>
<asp:DropDownList ID="ddlCity" runat="server" Width="100px"/>
</ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateField>
</Columns>
</asp:GridView>
</div>
</form>
</body>
</html>
Now add following namespaces in codebehind

C# Code


using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
After that add following code in code behind


SqlConnection con =new SqlConnection("Data Source=SureshDasari;Integrated Security=true;Initial Catalog=MySampleDB");

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
if (!IsPostBack)
{
BindGridview();
}
}
// This method is used to bind gridview from database
protected void BindGridview()
{
con.Open();
SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand("select TOP 4 CountryId,CountryName from Country", con);
SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd);
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
da.Fill(ds);
con.Close();
gvUserInfo.DataSource = ds;
gvUserInfo.DataBind();

}

protected void gvUserInfo_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
{
if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
{
con.Open();
var ddl = (DropDownList)e.Row.FindControl("ddlCity");
int CountryId = Convert.ToInt32(e.Row.Cells[0].Text);
SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand("select * from State where CountryID=" + CountryId, con);
SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd);
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
da.Fill(ds);
con.Close();
ddl.DataSource = ds;
ddl.DataTextField = "StateName";
ddl.DataValueField = "StateID";
ddl.DataBind();
ddl.Items.Insert(0, new ListItem("--Select--", "0"));
}
}
VB.NET Code


Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Web.UI
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls
Partial Class VBCode
Inherits System.Web.UI.Page
Private con As New SqlConnection("Data Source=SureshDasari;Integrated Security=true;Initial Catalog=MySampleDB")

Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles Me.Load
If Not IsPostBack Then
BindGridview()
End If
End Sub
' This method is used to bind gridview from database
Protected Sub BindGridview()
con.Open()
Dim cmd As New SqlCommand("select TOP 4 CountryId,CountryName from Country", con)
Dim da As New SqlDataAdapter(cmd)
Dim ds As New DataSet()
da.Fill(ds)
con.Close()
gvUserInfo.DataSource = ds
gvUserInfo.DataBind()

End Sub

Protected Sub gvUserInfo_RowDataBound(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewRowEventArgs)
If e.Row.RowType = DataControlRowType.DataRow Then
con.Open()
Dim ddl = DirectCast(e.Row.FindControl("ddlCity"), DropDownList)
Dim CountryId As Integer = Convert.ToInt32(e.Row.Cells(0).Text)
Dim cmd As New SqlCommand("select * from State where CountryID=" & CountryId, con)
Dim da As New SqlDataAdapter(cmd)
Dim ds As New DataSet()
da.Fill(ds)
con.Close()
ddl.DataSource = ds
ddl.DataTextField = "StateName"
ddl.DataValueField = "StateID"
ddl.DataBind()
ddl.Items.Insert(0, New ListItem("--Select--", "0"))
End If
End Sub
End Class
Demo



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