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Introduction:

In this article I will explain how to implement cascading dropdownlist in gridview using asp.net. 


Description:

In Previous posts I explained clearly how to implement ajax cascading dropdownlist using asp.net  and lot of articles regarding
Gridview. Now I will explain how to implement cascading dropdown list in gridview using asp.net. Here I am using previous implemented article ajax cascading dropdownlist in asp.net to bind data to dropdownlists. 

After that I am binding the data to gridview for that first design table in database and give name UserInfomation

ColumnName
DataType
UserId
Int(set identity property=true)
UserName
varchar(50)
LastName
varchar(50)
Location
varchar(50)

After completion table creation add ajax reference to your application because here I am using ajax cascading dropdownlists bind to gridview and design your aspx page like this
 

<%@ Register Assembly="AjaxControlToolkit" Namespace="AjaxControlToolkit" TagPrefix="ajax" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head runat="server">
<title>Cascading Dropdownlist Sample</title>
</head>
<body>
<form id="form1" runat="server">
<ajax:ToolkitScriptManager ID="ToolkitScriptManager1" runat="server"/>
<div>
<asp:GridView runat="server" ID="gvdetails" DataSourceID="dsdetails" AllowPaging="true" PageSize="10" AutoGenerateColumns="false" ShowFooter="true">
<RowStyle BackColor="#EFF3FB" />
<FooterStyle BackColor="#507CD1" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<PagerStyle BackColor="#2461BF" ForeColor="White" HorizontalAlign="Center" />
<HeaderStyle BackColor="#507CD1" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
<AlternatingRowStyle BackColor="White" />
<Columns>
<asp:TemplateField HeaderText="UserId">
<ItemTemplate>
<asp:Label ID="lblUserId" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("UserId") %>'/>
</ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateField>
<asp:TemplateField HeaderText="UserName">
<ItemTemplate>
<asp:Label ID="lblUserName" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("UserName") %>'/>
</ItemTemplate>
<FooterTemplate>
<asp:DropDownList ID="ddlCountry" runat="server"></asp:DropDownList>
<ajax:CascadingDropDown ID="CountryCascading" runat="server" Category="Country" TargetControlID="ddlCountry" LoadingText="Loading Countries..." PromptText="Select Country" ServiceMethod="BindCountrydropdown" ServicePath="DropdownWebService.asmx">
</ajax:CascadingDropDown>
</FooterTemplate>
</asp:TemplateField>
<asp:TemplateField HeaderText="LastName">
<ItemTemplate>
<asp:Label ID="lblLastName" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("LastName") %>'/>
</ItemTemplate>
<FooterTemplate>
<asp:DropDownList ID="ddlState" runat="server"></asp:DropDownList>
<ajax:CascadingDropDown ID="StateCascading" runat="server" Category="State" TargetControlID="ddlState" ParentControlID="ddlCountry" LoadingText="Loading States..." PromptText="Select State" ServiceMethod="BindStatedropdown" ServicePath="DropdownWebService.asmx">
</ajax:CascadingDropDown>
</FooterTemplate>
</asp:TemplateField>
<asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Location">
<ItemTemplate>
<asp:Label ID="lblLocation" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("Location") %>'/>
</ItemTemplate>
<FooterTemplate>
<asp:DropDownList ID="ddlregion" runat="server"></asp:DropDownList>
<ajax:CascadingDropDown ID="RegionCascading" runat="server" Category="Region" TargetControlID="ddlregion" ParentControlID="ddlState" LoadingText="Loading Cities..." PromptText="select" ServiceMethod="BindRegiondropdown" ServicePath="DropdownWebService.asmx">
</ajax:CascadingDropDown>
</FooterTemplate>
</asp:TemplateField>
</Columns>
</asp:GridView>
<asp:SqlDataSource ID="dsdetails" runat="server" ConnectionString="<%$ConnectionStrings:dbconnection %>"
SelectCommand="select * from UserInformation"/>
</div>
</form>
</body>
</html>
If you observe above code I used ajax cascading dropdownlist to bind in gridview. To bind data to dropdownlist and data tables design check this post ajax cascading dropdownlist using asp.net .After completion of bind data to dropdownlists use above code to place dropdownlist in gridview and bind data to gridview if you have any doubts just download the attached code to and check the details.

Here don’t forgot to set the connection string in web.config file here I am getting database connection from web.config file for that reason you need to set the connectionstring in web.config file like this

<connectionStrings>
<add name="dbconnection" connectionString="Data Source=SureshDasari;Integrated Security=true;Initial Catalog=MySampleDB"/>
</connectionStrings>
Demo

Download sample code attached


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10 comments :

Anonymous said...

Hi Suresh,
If the gridview initially does not have any data or is not binded to datasource but if we need some dropdownlists in such gridview. Should we have empty data template? I am confused what to do. I also have to populate the dropdownlist

Initially the gridview will have just 1 row with 4 dropdownlists which are populated. How to do this?

Suresh Dasari said...

hi,
i think that feature available in 4.0 version except that version we don't have any option like empty data template. we need to write custom code to display gridview even if that doesn't contain any data check below post
http://www.aspdotnet-suresh.com/2010/12/v-behaviorurldefaultvmlo.html

mariammalswe said...

fine

Anonymous said...

Hello sir,
I am getting method error 500 rply

Raju U said...

hi friend i need 1 textbox1 ajax autocomplete, on select suggestion my textbox2 and textbox3 automatically display corresponding field the database table,,,,

c#.net microsoft sql server, ajax(asmx web service)

Ran vijay singh said...

please provide your database backup

Janu said...

please tel me how to covert date into weekday and i want to display that date into gridview.

Karthi Chinnaraj said...

Dear sir in my gridview i have 3 dropdown list country
state and city when i change country according to change state and city..
pls help me

Anonymous said...

how can we do the same without using ajax

Tuan Hoang said...

i want add a new row ????

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